The War In The Visayas

General Martin Delgado and staff in Iloilo

The War in the Visayas, Feb. 11, 1899 – March 10, 1899 On Feb. 11, 1899, the US First Separate Brigade commanded by Brig. Gen. Marcus P. Miller, West Point Class 1858, invaded Iloilo City (ABOVE, in 1899) on Panay Island. The defenders were led by General Martin Delgado and Teresa “Nay … Read more

The War in 1900-1901

25th Infantry Regiment enroute to Philippines July 1 1899

The War in 1900-1901: African Americans in the Fil-Am War Companies from the segregated Black 24th and 25th infantry regiments reported to the Presidio of San Francisco in early 1899. They arrived in the Philippines on July 30 and Aug. 1, 1899. The 9th and 10th Cavalry regiments were sent to the … Read more

The Philippine Republic

Aguinaldo arrives in Malolos Jan 23 1899

Jan. 23, 1899: Inauguration of the First Philippine Republic On Jan. 23, 1899, the First Philippine Republic, popularly known as the Malolos Republic, was inaugurated amidst colorful ceremonies at the Barasoain Church, Malolos, Bulacan Province. This was also the first republic in Asia. Aguinaldo took his oath of office as President of … Read more

The Philippine Army

Chapel where katipuneros were sworn in

The Philippine Army: From “Katipuneros” to “Soldiers” The Katipunan or KKK was founded by Filipino rebels in Manila on July 7, 1892 (Long name: Kataas-taasang Kagalang-galangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan or �Supreme and Venerable Society of the Children of the Nation”). The founders —all freemasons— were: Andres Bonifacio, Ladislao Diwa, Teodoro Plata, Deodato Arellano, … Read more

The Last Holdouts

Vicente Lukban and staff Pall Mall Mag 1902

The Last Holdouts: General Vicente Lukban falls, Feb. 18, 1902 General Vicente Lukban commanded Filipino guerilla forces on Samar and Leyte islands in the eastern Visayas, central Philippines. On Feb. 18, 1902, he was captured by a scouting party composed of Americans and Filipinos commanded by 1Lt. Alphonse Strebler of Company 39, … Read more

Stalling Moro Resistance

Sultan Jamal ul-kiram

Stalling Moro Resistance: The Bates Treaty and the Sultan of Sulu, Aug. 20, 1899 The Muslim Moros are a multilingual ethnic group that comprised about 5.25% of the total Philippine population in 2005. Their name originated from the Spanish word Moor, and they mostly live in the western part of Mindanao Island, … Read more

Spanish holdouts

Baler Battle Map

June 2, 1899: Last Spanish holdouts surrender in Baler Fifty-three Spanish soldiers and 4 officers staked out at the Baler Church, Baler, Nueva Ecija Province, from June 28, 1898 to June 2, 1899 (Baler is now the capital town of Aurora Province; it is 140 miles, about 225 kilometers, due north of … Read more

Spanish Courts of Law

Filipino Spanish court judges 1899

General Otis Unsuspends Spanish-legacy Courts of Law, May 29, 1899 The oath-taking ceremony was performed on June 5, 1899. Standing are Manuel Araullo, Florentino Torres, Gregorio Araneta, Cayetano Arellano, and Captain William E. Birkhimer. Seated are Colonel Enoch H. Crowder and Major Richard W. Young � Colonel Crowder sits, legs crossed, to … Read more

South of Manila Campaign

1899 us troops at las pinas

South of Manila Campaign: Battle of Las Pi�as and Para�aque, June 10, 1899 A force of 4,500 American troops assembled on June 10, 1899 at San Pedro de Macati to conduct a campaign south of Manila to sweep the country between Manila Bay and Laguna Lake. They were commanded by Maj. Gen. … Read more

Second Battle of Manila

Section of Battery D, 6th US Artillery, on outpost duty near Fort San Antonio de Abad in Malate district, Manila, Feb 21, 1899

Second Battle of Manila, Feb. 22-23, 1899 After pushing back the Filipino lines in the first battle of Manila and the suburbs on Feb. 4-10, 1899, Maj. Gen. Elwell S. Otis waited for more reinforcements from the United States. Aguinaldo used the lull to reorganize and discuss plans for taking Manila. The … Read more