Battle of Manila Bay

USS Olympia at Hong Kong ca April 1898

May 1, 1898: Dewey destroys Spanish fleet at Manila Bay On April 22, 1898, the US Asiatic Fleet commanded by Commodore George Dewey was riding at anchor in the British port of Hong Kong. Navy Secretary John Davis Long (LEFT) cabled the commodore that the United States had begun a blockade of … Read more

Battle of Caloocan

MacArthur and staff near Caloocan Feb 1899

Feb. 10, 1899: Battle of Caloocan After capturing La Loma, Brig. Gen. Arthur C. MacArthur, Jr. pushed toward Caloocan, an important railroad center 11 miles (17 km) north of Manila. For several days, trainloads of Filipino soldiers were seen landing in the town. It also barred the way to Malolos, Aguinaldo’s capitol. … Read more

Battle of Angeles

Filipino soldiers n civilians at Angeles Scribner's 1900

Aug. 16, 1899: Battle of Angeles, Pampanga Province After an extended period of comparative quiet due to the continual heavy rains, General MacArthur began his advance north from San Fernando. He ordered Lt. Col. Jacob H. Smith to press 10 miles northward along the railroad. On Aug. 16, 1899, Colonel Smith moved … Read more

Balangiga Massacre, September 28, 1901

Balangiga photo of Company C with Valeriano Abanador

On Aug 11, 1901, Company C, 9th US Infantry Regiment, arrived in Balangiga on the southern coast of Samar island, to close its port and prevent supplies reaching Filipino guerillas in the interior. A glamour unit, Company C was assigned provost duty and guarded the captured President Emilio Aguinaldo upon their return … Read more

Background: The Philippine Revolution and the Spanish-American War

Philippines map 1899

The Philippines (LEFT, 1898 map) was a colony of Spain from 1571 to 1898. Spanish rule came to an end as a result of the Philippine Revolution and US involvement with Spain’s other major colony, Cuba. The Philippine archipelago, with a total land area of 300,000 sq km (115,831 sq mi), comprises 7,107 islands … Read more

Americans Take Antipolo

Main road to Antipolo Church 1898

June 4, 1899: Americans capture Antipolo While the Americans pursued Emilio Aguinaldo in the north, they also moved against his forces operating from the mountain town of Antipolo (ABOVE, 1898 photo), Morong Province, 26 kms (16 miles) east of Manila. On June 3, 1899, Brig. Gen. Robert H. Hall, in command of 2,500 troops, went after General Pio … Read more

Americans Occupy Manila, Aug. 13, 1898

RP-US War 1898 US Flag over Intramuros bastion

After the American flag was raised over Intramuros, Aguinaldo demanded joint occupation. General Merritt immediately cabled Brig. Gen. Henry C. Corbin, US Army Adjutant-General, in Washington, D.C.: “Since occupation of the town and suburbs the insurgents on outside are pressing demand for joint occupation of the city. Situation difficult. Inform me at once how far … Read more

Americans capture Malolos, March 30-31, 1899

1899 March 30 us troops in malolos fighting

On March 30, the Americans reached the outskirts of Malolos. At the sight of a white signal of surrender, the Americans broke into cheers but the bearers suddenly broke and ran back into the town. An instant pursuit was begun and the US troops were received with heavy volleys. The Americans camped … Read more

Aguinaldo In Later Years: 1902-1964

Buencamino Aguiuinaldo Aglipay at Malate Xmas party Dec 24 1904

During the American occupation through 1946, Aguinaldo continued to pursue his goal of a free and independent Philippines. He supported groups that advocated immediate independence, and helped veterans of the struggle. Aguinaldo and two of his children in a world-touring Hupmobile auto near their home in Kawit, Cavite Province. Photo taken in … Read more

Advance To San Isidro

Company H 22nd Infantry April 15 1899 a week before 1st Northern Expedition

Americans Advance To San Isidro, April 22-May 17, 1899 As soon as General Lawton returned to Manila from his Laguna expedition on April 17, General Otis ordered the second concerted move northward. This time General Lawton was to proceed northward to the east of General MacArthur’s column, forming a junction with MacArthur’s … Read more