Hugh Rodham and Dorothy Howell gave birth to Hillary Rodham Clinton on October 26, 1947, in Chicago, Illinois. Her parents had two younger brothers, Hugh and Tony, and she is the eldest of their three children.
Hillary Clinton was a National Merit Finalist when she graduated from Maine South High School in 1965. Her parents both wanted her to be able to pursue a job without being constrained by gender stereotypes.
In 1965, she enrolled at Wellesley College to study political science. Throughout her undergraduate years, she was involved in student politics and was chosen president of the Wellesley Young Republicans.
Throughout the 1960s, her political position shifted several times. She was regarded as a conservative thinker with a liberal heart. She was elected President of the Wellesley College Government Association in 1968 and served in that position with zeal.
She earned a B.A. in political science with departmental honors from the college in 1969 and worked at various odd jobs before enrolling at Yale Law School.
She was chosen to serve with Senator Walter Mondale’s migrant labor sub-committee in 1970. Following that, she interned at the legal firm of Treuhaft, Walker, and Burnstein in Oakland, California, where Hillary Clinton worked on child custody and other matters.
In 1973, Hillary graduated from Yale Law School with a Juris Doctor degree. She then began a one-year postgraduate degree at Yale Child Study Center on studying children and medicine. Hillary served as a staff attorney for the Children’s Defense Fund while pursuing her doctoral studies.
Early Legal Career
During the Watergate crisis, she was appointed to the impeachment investigation staff in Washington, D.C., where she advised the House Committee on the Judiciary. President Richard Nixon resigned as a result of the committee’s work.
She began teaching criminal law at the University of Arkansas in 1974. After Bill Clinton was appointed as Arkansas Attorney General, she relocated to the state capital of Arkansas two years later.
In 1977, Hillary joined the Rose Law Firm, specializing in patent infringement and intellectual property law. She even volunteered in the field of child advocacy for free. In the same year, she co-founded Arkansas Advocates for Children and Families.
Because of her exceptional political abilities, President Jimmy Carter nominated her to the board of directors of Legal Service Corporation in 1978. She served as chair from 1970 to 1980, during which time she tripled the Corporation’s funding from $90 million to $300 million. She is considered the first woman to assume the position.
She was hailed the First Lady of Arkansas in 1979 when Bill Clinton was appointed Governor of Arkansas, a position she maintained for twelve years, from 1979 to 1981 and 1983 to 1992. She was commissioned as the Rural Health Advisory Committee chair and delivered medical care to the poorest parts of the country.
She took over the Arkansas Educational Standards Committee in 1983. During her time in office, Hillary pushed to raise educational standards and mandate teacher assessment. She also established curriculum and classroom size requirements for the state.
She was the chairwoman of the New World Foundation for six years, from 1982 to 1988. She was also a member of the American Bar Association’s Commission on Women in the Profession’s board of directors from 1987 to 1991, combating gender prejudice. She was also a member of the TCBY and Wal-Mart boards of directors.
Service as the First Lady
In 1992, she assisted her husband in successfully campaigning as a democratic candidate for a seat in the Presidential elections. She played an essential role in the election and was a crucial element in Bill Clinton’s win.
In 1993, she served as the First Lady after Bill Clinton was elected President of the United States. Hillary is considered the first First Lady to have a postgraduate degree and the first to have a West Wing office and the East Wing First Lady’s office.
She had an active part in public policy, as most people assumed, and was frequently referred to as the “co-president.” She picked almost eleven persons for the highest roles and a dozen more for lower positions.
In 1993, she was named to lead the Task Force on National Health Reform as First Lady. Clinton’s healthcare proposal, often known as the Clinton healthcare plan, intended to force companies to offer healthcare coverage to their employees. However, they abandoned the idea in 1994 due to a lack of support.
Hillary campaigned for the U.S. Senate seat from New York and was sworn in on January 3, 2001, winning significantly. In addition, she became the first wife of a president to run for and be voted to a national position, also the first woman to be elected to the United States Senate from New York. In November 2006, she was comfortably re-elected.
During her tenure, she was a staunch supporter of military involvement in Afghanistan, redesigning the state’s security after the 9/11 attacks and securing funding to aid New York’s rebuilding efforts.
She initially hinted at her desire to run for president in 2008 in 2007, becoming the first woman to be nominated by a major political party. Despite losing the presidential election to Barack Obama, she was named Secretary of State.
She continued to advocate for women’s and human rights while serving as Secretary of State. She also spoke out in favor of U.S. military action in Libya and vanguard of the U.S. response to the Arab Spring. She was one of the State Department’s most traveled secretaries. On February 1, 2013, she resigned from her post.
Hillary Clinton formally declared her campaign for the presidency in the 2016 election in April 2015. Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont, a prominent democratic socialist, ran a vigorous campaign against her, but she won and was formally nominated at the 2016 Democratic National Convention in July 2016.
She had a substantial lead in national surveys against Republican businessman Donald Trump for most of 2016, despite being pitted against him for the presidency.
She supported the US Export-Import Bank and centered her economic ideology on inclusive capitalism during her campaigns. She has advocated for a constitutional change in the United States to reverse the Citizens United judgment from 2010.
She believed in same-gender marriage and equal pay for equal labor. She concentrated on family issues in her campaigns and was a significant supporter of universal preschool and the Affordable Care Act.
With all of the scandals surrounding Hillary Clinton’s presidential opponent, Donald Trump, it appeared for a time that she could win the election. But it was not to be, and on November 8, 2016, Hillary was defeated by Trump in the presidential election.