Bike light brightness is measured in lumens, which describe the amount of light visibly emitted from a bulb. Using the old standard for light bulb measurement, a 40-watt bulb emits 450 lumens, and a 60-watt one delivers 800 lumens.
How many lumens do you need for your bike? Let’s take a look at the facts so that you’ll know what light to get to outfit your bike.
The Typical Lumen Guide
There doesn’t exist a uniform lumen standard for bicycles. Instead, the figure would depend on the style of cycling and the conditions you’re biking in. Here’s a rough estimate:
- Urban day riding: 100 lumens (to be visible during the day); 50 to 200 lumens (to be visible in town when commuting)
- Rural day riding: 400 to 600 lumens (to light your path)
- Day trail riding: 600 lumens (full coverage)
One thing to keep in mind is that most brands typically display only their max lumen emission. Thus, they may say their light gives off 1,200 lumens when it can only do this for an hour or so.
Regularly, the same bulb would probably deliver around 600 or 700 lumens for two-and-a-half to three hours. Of course, that also means the higher the number of lumens, the higher the run time.
Riders also usually go for a brighter front than a glaring back light. Front lights are for your vision, while backlights are for other people’s vision. It’s not unusual for cyclists to go for rear lights that give off only a fifth of the power of their front lights.
Why Consider Lumens When Choosing Bike Lights?
Lumen is the unit for measuring visible light, so it holds considerable relevance in selecting a bike light. The amount of brightness your bike’s light puts out determines how you are able to see and be seen when riding. Now, if that doesn’t impact your safety, we don’t know what does.
The term “lumens” is also a more accurate description of a rider’s actual requirement of a bike light. While watt is also a unit that expresses illuminating power, it describes a bulb’s energy consumption more than it does light production. Hence, it could lead to some degree of confusion on your end if you insisted on using this unit of measurement without clarifying its relation with lumens.
In general, the higher the lumens, the higher the price tag. That has partly to do with how big lumen numbers burn up more energy. A high lumen count would mean the need for a bigger and more durable battery, among other features that contribute to that costlier-than-usual charge.
The lumen requirement for a seeing light, or light required for road biking in unlit streets, should be no less than 700. Then again, this figure would have to be increased by 200 or 300 lumens, depending on how fast you ride. While seemingly unimportant, speed difference shouldn’t be overlooked when determining lumens, as it could very well affect your safety.
On the other hand, lit roads are another story. You would do well to equip your bike with the minimum 100-lumen accessory to be seen on a well-lit path. If you need your lighting to accomplish more than that, say showing slightly more coverage of the trail in front of you, a minimum of 300 lumens should be good. Nevertheless, anything between 30 to 100 lumens for properly illuminated locations should suffice.
Other Requirements Aside From Lumens
Lumens shouldn’t be the only consideration for choosing bike lights. Here are other elements that are just as important:
The flash function is something to keep an eye on for rear lights. However, if you’re a commuter, consider also the efficacy of side lighting outside of front- and rear-light effectiveness. You should be concerned about multiple-angled visibility if you’re traveling some distance on a regular basis.
More often than not, brighter is better when it comes to bike lights. However, battery-related features shouldn’t be far behind.
Knowing whether your particular bike light runs on rechargeable batteries or regular batteries could be crucial to your biking experience. Imagine losing power in the middle of nowhere—undoubtedly an experience you’d want to avoid altogether.
Bike Light Mounting
A variety of light mounting systems are available to bike riders. There are options for smaller lights, such as silicone straps. Plus, there are also systems befitting larger lamps, which mostly involve fixed brackets. If you ride at night and frequently, your bike might need to accommodate larger and more powerful battery packs.
Right Lumen Rating = Safer Biking Experience
Lumen rating for bike lights directly influences visibility, so it’s a must that you should not overlook. In fact, beginner riders should put effort into learning the ideal lighting requirements for their biking style to avoid unnecessary challenges in the future. You’d be surprised how this seemingly insignificant number can make a huge difference in your cycling experience.